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Blockchain Technology in Business Operations

Blockchain and its uses cases in business operations. A blog post written by Neti, Blockhain Development Comapay from Poland

Blockchain is a fantastic technology, but sometimes it isn't easy to understand how businesses can benefit from it. In the following article, I will introduce you to the most known applications of blockchain-related to transparency and traceability of data.


In today's world, transparency and traceability are more than mere buzzwords; they are vital to the operation and credibility of businesses across sectors. An emerging tool that holds promise in enhancing these key elements is blockchain technology. Known as the backbone of cryptocurrencies like Bitcoin, blockchain's applications extend far beyond digital currencies. In this article, we delve into the role of blockchain in bolstering transparency and traceability in business operations.

Understanding Blockchain Technology

Blockchain, a decentralized, distributed ledger system, records information securely across many computers, thereby preventing data manipulation and enhancing transparency. Each block of data is linked to the one before it, providing a robust, tamper-resistant record of transactions. Data stored on the blockchain is resistant to modification, creating a reliable single source of truth.

Blockchain comes in two forms – public and private. Public blockchains are open to anyone, while private blockchains limit access to a particular group of authorized participants. Each type offers varying degrees of transparency, traceability, and security depending on the use case.

Transparency in Business Operations

Transparency, in a business context, pertains to the openness a company provides to its stakeholders, including investors, employees, and customers, about its operational activities, performance, governance, and risks. Through such transparency, companies can build trust, secure customer loyalty, foster employee engagement, and attract informed investments.

A prime example of the need for transparency in businesses is the infamous Enron scandal. Enron's downfall, rooted in hidden debts and overinflated profits, serves as a stark reminder of the repercussions of opaque business practices. Through transparent practices, businesses can not only gain the trust of their stakeholders but also identify and mitigate potential risks and ensure sustainable growth.

Transparency in Business Operations: Blockchain Applications

Blockchain technology has emerged as a potent tool for enhancing transparency in various sectors:


Blockchain can streamline and add transparency to financial transactions, reducing fraud and making auditing easier. For example, the Australian Securities Exchange (ASX) is replacing its current clearing system with a blockchain-based system to increase transparency and efficiency.

Supply Chain: 

Blockchain can provide an immutable record of product movements, thereby reducing counterfeiting and enhancing consumer trust. Global shipping company Maersk uses blockchain to track cargo, reducing the risk of fraud and ensuring all stakeholders have access to the same information.

Charities and Non-profits: 

Blockchain can add transparency to the flow of donations and ensure funds reach the intended recipients. The World Food Program (WFP) has used blockchain technology for cash transfers to refugees, reducing transaction costs and ensuring transparency in fund distribution.


Blockchain can improve the traceability and integrity of medical records. This not only promotes transparency but also facilitates patient-centered care. For instance, MedRec, an MIT-backed initiative, uses blockchain to manage electronic health records, giving patients control over their data while ensuring secure access for healthcare providers.

Real Estate: 

Blockchain can streamline property transactions, reduce fraud, and increase transparency. Sweden’s land-registry authority, Lantmäteriet, is testing blockchain to digitize property transactions. This can help ensure that all property transactions are transparent and secure, making the system more efficient.

Voting Systems: 

By creating an immutable record of votes, blockchain can ensure transparency and security in voting systems, reducing the potential for fraud and manipulation. Multiple city governments have already experimented with a blockchain-based voting system, which allows for a transparent and tamper-proof record of votes.


Blockchain can validate and store degrees, certifications, and other educational qualifications, making verifying a person's education background and qualifications easy. This can provide a significant boost to transparency in the hiring process. The University of Nicosia, Cyprus, provides blockchain-verified certificates to its students, ensuring high transparency and credibility.

Energy Sector: 

Blockchain can enable peer-to-peer energy trading, allowing consumers to know exactly where their energy is coming from. For instance, the Brooklyn Microgrid project allows local residents to sell excess solar power to their neighbors, fostering transparency and local energy independence.

These examples demonstrate the extensive applications of blockchain technology in enhancing transparency across various sectors, proving it to be a powerful tool for businesses and organizations.

Traceability in Business Operations

Traceability is the ability to verify the history, location, or application of an item by documented identification. It is essential across various sectors, such as supply chains, pharmaceuticals, food, and beverage, to assure quality, enhance customer trust, and comply with regulations.

For example, in 2018, a significant E.coli outbreak associated with romaine lettuce in the US highlighted the need for effective traceability in the food industry. Improved traceability systems could have prevented the widespread impact or, at least, facilitated a faster, more targeted response.

Blockchain as a Tool for Enhancing Transparency and Traceability

Blockchain's decentralized and immutable nature makes it a transformative tool for enhancing transparency and traceability. By offering a reliable and tamper-resistant audit trail, blockchain can track and record each step in a product's lifecycle or business process, providing unparalleled traceability.

Case Studies

Several businesses are leveraging blockchain for its potential to enhance transparency and traceability:

De Beers: 

The diamond giant has created a blockchain platform, 'Tracr', which traces the journey of diamonds from the mine to the customer. This assures that the diamonds are conflict-free and authentic.


In partnership with IBM, the retail behemoth has employed blockchain to improve traceability in its food products. By doing so, they can track any food item's journey from farm to shelf, enhancing recall efficiency and food safety.


HSBC has executed forex trades worth $250 billion on its blockchain platform "FX Everywhere". This has helped improve efficiency and transparency and reduce risks associated with forex trades.


In collaboration with IBM, the shipping giant has developed TradeLens, a blockchain-powered digital shipping solution that enhances transparency, simplifies the paper trail, and improves container logistics efficiency.


The coffee giant uses blockchain to provide complete traceability of their coffee beans from the farm to the cup. This "bean to cup" initiative aims to ensure fair trade practices and provide customers with quality assurance.


Alibaba uses blockchain in its cross-border e-commerce platform to track and authenticate products. This has reduced counterfeit goods and improved trust and transparency between buyers and sellers.

British Airways: 

The airline tested blockchain technology to manage data concerning flights between London, Geneva, and Miami. The result was an authoritative single shared view of the truth to all parties involved, reducing conflicting flight information.


Estonia, one of the most digitally advanced nations in the world, uses blockchain technology to secure healthcare records, legal records, and business registrations transparently, ensuring data integrity and accessibility.

These case studies show how different industries harness blockchain technology's power to improve their operations, enhance transparency and traceability, and build greater trust with their customers and stakeholders.

Challenges and Considerations when Implementing Blockchain

Despite its transformative potential, the implementation of blockchain is challenging. These include technological complexities, lack of standardization, scalability issues, and the need for a broad network of users. Legal and regulatory considerations, particularly in industries with strict data privacy requirements, can also pose hurdles.

Implementing blockchain requires substantial investment in infrastructure and skills training. For any technological transformation to succeed, comprehensive change management must guide the organization through the transition.

Future Perspectives

As blockchain technology evolves, new applications are continually emerging across various business sectors. Innovations such as 'zero-knowledge proofs' enhance data privacy within transparent systems. In the future, blockchain could provide even more sophisticated solutions for traceability, accountability, and transparency, potentially reshaping the operational landscape of businesses.


Transparency and traceability are crucial components of sustainable business operations in today's interconnected world. Blockchain technology, with its immutable and decentralized nature, offers significant potential for businesses to enhance these aspects. Despite the challenges, the potential benefits of blockchain, such as improved business efficiency and stakeholder trust, make it a worthy consideration for businesses looking to future-proof their operations.

By Sławomir PaśkoJuly 2023


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